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The diagram below illustrates various definitions provided of CAS over the last few decades, showing areas of overlap in one definition 'synthesis'. The CAS Defining Features discussed on this site are derived from this synthesis.
Explore the concepts and elements that make up complex adaptive systems (CAS) theory.
Dive into complex adaptive systems theory and how is relates to the fields of architecture, planning, and urbanism.
An evolving collection of examples and sharables relating to complex adaptive systems and its topics, definitions, thinkers, and applications.